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Doro Detektor

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On the last Sunday of March 1965, at 12:35 p.m. local time, the ground of the vast Chilean territory trembled and in just 87 seconds it ceased to exist  the mining town of El Cobre. The mud houses of miners from the nearby ore mines crumbled to dust, and the work of destruction was completed by a massive wave that rolled in from the burst dam at Valpareis. Gooey mud piled on top of the rubble​ several meters layer, in which hundreds of people remained buried. News agencies wrote about one of the biggest disasters in South America...

 The first international brigade of rescue dogs was formed in Holland in 1961 at the instigation of the Czech emigrant J.R. Toman. This specialized unit of dog handlers imprinted the slogan "In the name of man" into their shield right from the start. The head of this dog rescue brigade, Rudolf Toman, immediately flew to Chile to help find victims there with his German shepherd Doro.

 Not long after, the news spread around the world that a fantastic dog Doro, who deserves the epithet Detektor, works in El Cobre. The Doro-Detektor determined the locations of buried unfortunates up to a depth of eight meters. All who participated in the rescue work admired its incredible reliability. So it was no wonder that when Doro was finished, the Chilean government awarded the dog one of the country's highest honors, the Cross of Merit.

Attempts to establish brigades of rescue dogs flashed under the influence of events in Chile in many places in Czechoslovakia. However, it was only possible to create an official and comprehensively equipped brigade in Příbram, where it was established on 2 May 1968 as a state project of the Uranium Industry Development Base Příbram 1st Czechoslovak Republic. rescue dog brigade. It was established for the needs of this institution for one year as a thematic task of solving the protection of uranium mine miners, and the editor-in-chief of the magazine Internationale Hunderevue, Eng. Lubomír Vaníček, became its chairman. The basic composition of the brigade included Zdeněk Babor, J. Hnízdil, B. Kohout, G. Pokrovskij, P. Lexa and M. Zábranský, later the first president of the SZBK CR. Later, other well-known names V. Schober, B. Procházka, V. Kratochvíl and V. Kuchta were added.  After a year of operation, the activity of this brigade was completed with practical tests of dogs in Amsterdam, Holland, evaluated administratively at the level of the general directorate, and its activity was officially terminated.

 However, the first foundations of the Czech rescue tradition were laid, which, faithful to the legacy of Rudolf Toman, the spiritual father of the principles of world rescue cynology, began to spread the roots of this ideology further. Georgij Pokrovskij, an active member of the Příbram group, immediately leaves for Český Krumlov as the first instructor of the emerging South Bohemian rescue brigade, while similar attempts are recorded in the north of Bohemia and subsequently also in Moravia. However, these groups mostly did not survive the sometimes head-scratching administrative decisions. Under various umbrella bodies, such as Czechoslovak the Red Cross, the Association of Breeders or Svazarm survived until the revolutionary year of 1989 only in South Bohemia. This soon led to the founding of the independent Association of Rescue Brigades of Cynologists of the Czech Republic.

 The year 1972, which is the date of the official establishment of the 2nd rescue brigade on the territory of Czechoslovakia in Český Krumlov after the disbanded Příbram brigade, already started the trend of the current existence and development of rescue training. German shepherds Eddy Jipor, Perry from Maruška and boxer Luis from the South Bohemian Lowlands, after five years of training at the CČK, became the first successful graduates of the Czechoslovak rescue trials on 30 October 1977, which were organized for the first time in history in Český Krumlov immediately after their inclusion in the then trial of the order of Svazarm.

 Since then, the training of rescue dogs has seen a huge boom and a jump in quality. It reached the platform of close international cooperation, and Czech dogs are today considered a stable part of the world's top rescue performance. They confirm this not only by their steady success on international rinks, but above all by their performances in practice, whether in the country or abroad. Czech dogs were also the most successful expedition of all the member states of the international rescue organization IRO, even during the terrible events of 1999 in Turkey and Taiwan, they were also present in Greece, India, Algeria and Iran in the following years.


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